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Financial Market

Definition: Financial Market refers to a marketplace, where creation and trading of financial assets, such as shares, debentures, bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc. take place. It plays a crucial role in allocating limited resources, in the country’s economy. It acts as an intermediary between the savers and investors by mobilising funds between them.

根据美国影院业主协会的数据显示,2015年全球影院收益达383亿美元创新高,中国贡献了68亿美元的票房收入,较上一年增长了近五成。
今年8月,来自托雷维耶哈的乔斯·哈维尔创建了一个AdWords账户,这是谷歌旗下的一项点击付费服务。

Functions of Financial Market

With China now not only “fully integrated”, but perhaps starting to retreat from this position as it brings more of its supply chain onshore, unless Africa can succeed in following China’s path, he adds: “I think we are going back now to a situation where we don’t think there is any particular reason for trade to grow faster than GDP.”

  • It facilitates mobilisation of savings and puts it to the most productive uses.
  • It helps in determining the price of the securities. The frequent interaction between investors helps in fixing the price of securities, on the basis of their demand and supply in the market.
  • It provides liquidity to tradable assets, by facilitating the exchange, as the investors can readily sell their securities and convert assets into cash.
  • It saves the time, money and efforts of the parties, as they don’t have to waste resources to find probable buyers or sellers of securities. Further, it reduces cost by providing valuable information, regarding the securities traded in the financial market.

The financial market may or may not have a physical location, i.e. the exchange of asset between the parties can also take place over the internet or phone also.

Classification of Financial Market

classification of financiak market

  1. By Nature of Claim
    • Debt Market: The market where fixed claims or debt instruments, such as debentures or bonds are bought and sold between investors.
    • Equity Market: Equity market is a market wherein the investors deal in equity instruments. It is the market for residual claims.
  2. By Maturity of Claim
    • Money Market: The market where monetary assets such as commercial paper, certificate of deposits, treasury bills, etc. which mature within a year, are traded is called money market. It is the market for short-term funds. No such market exist physically; the transactions are performed over a virtual network, i.e. fax, internet or phone.
    • Capital Market: The market where medium and long term financial assets are traded in the capital market. It is divided into two types:
      • Primary Market: A financial market, wherein the company listed on an exchange, for the first time, issues new security or already listed company brings the fresh issue.
      • Secondary Market: Alternately known as the Stock market, a secondary market is an organised marketplace, wherein already issued securities are traded between investors, such as individuals, merchant bankers, stockbrokers and mutual funds.
  3. By Timing of Delivery
    • Cash Market: The market where the transaction between buyers and sellers are settled in real-time.
    • Futures Market: Futures market is one where the delivery or settlement of commodities takes place at a future specified date.
  4. By Organizational Structure
    • Exchange-Traded Market: A financial market, which has a centralised organisation with the standardised procedure.
    • Over-the-Counter Market: An OTC is characterised by a decentralised organisation, having customised procedures.

“我还给了他一个直言不讳的同性恋朋友,他会责备邦德,说:‘拜托,邦德,你是生活在20世纪,不是中世纪。’”
李说,记者职业排名靠后已经有一段时间了(去年在200个职业中排名第196位)。他说,这次被挤到最后一位很可能是因为有些情况更糟了,如职业前景变差、平均薪资继续下滑、工作时间持续增加等,而且这些因素也让记者的压力更大。
高部长称,目前全国商品交易市场已经超过8万家,社会消费品零售总额在年底预计达到30万亿元,而消费对GDP的贡献接近60%。
新加坡已经连续三次被列为世界上生活成本最贵的城市,但是这一年中城市生活成本在世界范围内的分布有了显著的变化。

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